Subtraction: Booklet 1

Subtraction:  Booklet 1 - Parent/Teacher Guide - Beginning Subtraction

Parent/Teacher Guide 68 pages - stapled booklet Student Workbook 40 pages - stapled booklet

The Parent/Teacher Guide has instructions on how to teach the lessons, sample dialogues, games, and the Answer Key.  The Student Workbook has worksheets and practice pages.

This unique approach to subtraction was developed by Prof. Emeritus Michael Butler at the world renowned UCI Farm Elementary School.

  • The Patterns in Arithmetic series teaches for understanding using a discovery and inductive approach.
  • Subtraction starts by creating stories with edible manipulatives and recording these stories in ways that make sense to the student. Concrete objects represent the edible pieces and are recorded with numbers. leading to standard subtraction formats, e.g., 8 - 6 =  2 and 8                                                                                                                          -6
  • Parents are guided though a series of lessons that give sample dialogues that a teacher might have with a student.

Student Evaluation

Fishy Game and Story Problems

Recording:  Representational and Recording:  Representational with Number Sentences

Answer Key is in the Parent/Teacher Guide

Foreword by Professor Michael Butler, Introduction, Farm School Math Notes, Teaching Techniques, Arithmetic Conventions, Math Journal, Sequence Guides, Lesson Planning, Materials, and Resources